For a long time, people associated marijuana use with simply getting high. Because of this, there has been a large stigma attached to the plant and its usage. Many people see marijuana users as lazy and looking for a cheap way to escape reality. For most users, though, the herb has several other uses. Researchers who actually study the plant found that in addition to THC, the plant has more than 113 different active compounds. One of these compounds is Cannabidiol, which is more commonly referred to as CBD.
CBD has been shown to have a wide array of medical uses, as it alleviates many forms of pain and fights off diseases. Additionally, the compound manages to work without any psychoactive results. This means that users don’t feel “high” when they use it, which lends more credence to the medical uses of marijuana.
There are many groups studying the uses and effects of CBD, with worldwide research taking place. Still, the compound is somewhat unknown, so we thought we’d explain some of the uses for CBD in this article as well as different ways to ingest it.
What Does CBD Oil Do?
- Treats pain by blocking pain receptors
- Treats inflammation by increasing flexibility in joints
- Prevents diabetes by helping the body maintain proper glucose levels
- Relieves pain associated with painful cancer treatments
- Relieves anxiety and PTSD symptoms
- Treats Epilepsy by reducing seizures and fits
More On Common CBD Oil and Pill Treatments
Medical and anecdotal research into CBD has shown that there are many different conditions that the compound treats. These range from the common to rare, and there may even be some surprises you don’t know about. Some conditions treatable with CBD include:
- Pain- This is the biggest condition that we’ve all heard about. CBD has been shown to block pain receptors throughout the body, giving patients much needed relief without feeling impaired. Some have said the medicine gives relief of an opioid like Vicodin, but without the feeling of being high.
- Inflammation- Common in those who have arthritis or other conditions, inflammation can cause pain or general discomfort. CBD studies have revealed that the medicine breaks down inflammation markers in users, opening the flexibility in joints and ligaments.
- Cancer- With cancer ravaging the lives of millions of people around the world every year, its surprising that research into the uses of cannabis in treating the disease weren’t seriously studied until recently. Researchers have conducted various studies that show cannabinoids are extremely effective in destroying cancer cells as well as alleviating pain in users. Cannabis has also been proven to increase appetite in patients, which helps keep them from withering away like so many others that undergo chemotherapy or radiation.
- Diabetes- While not a cure for the disease, CBD compounds have been shown to prevent diabetes in lab mice during medical studies. This doesn’t mean that CBD works on glucose levels, but instead on the protein cytokine, which is responsible for many autoimmune diseases.
- Fibromyalgia- CBD has been shown to work wonders relating to Fibromyalgia pain. Going hand in hand with the general pain relief information above, many Fibromyalgia sufferers have adopted CBD substances to deal with their pain, rather than using harmful prescription medications.
- Anxiety and PTSD- Sometimes people who smoke pot claim that the herb cures anxiety and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This is often laughed off as a side effect of being high, but in reality, it is due to the cannabinoids working to calm down the bodies of users. Much of the clinical research related to CBD usage revolves around anxiety and PTSD issues.
- Epilepsy- Those who suffer from epilepsy are some of the people to benefit most from CBD usage. In a handful of countries, a prescription drug named Epidolex (which has 99% CBD) is approved for the treatment of the condition. In the United States, a heavy CBD extract called Charlotte’s Web has been useful in treating youngsters with the condition as well.
- Multiple Sclerosis- MS is a terrible disease that can be extremely painful and have lifelong effects. The compounds have been found to treat the pain and other afflictions associated with this disease. In Canada, a CBD aerosol spray has been legalized and approved for use of MS patients.
- Cigarette Usage- A medical study revealed that smokers who took a puff on a CBD inhaler saw their cigarette intake drop 40%. While this is hardly conclusive, extensive studies coming up will likely derive new ways that the compound can be used to cut off nicotine addiction.
How Do You Take CBD Oil?
Cannabinoids are just one of several ingredients found in marijuana, and as such there are other effects that you will feel if you consume the plant generally. Because of this, many producers have found ways to extract CBD on its own and provide extracts to users.
Some of the ways to consume CBD extracts include:
- CBD Pills- Manufacturers have found that capsules containing CBD extracts are very useful in treating a variety of afflictions. These are taken orally, and effects began to be felt in about a half hour’s time. CBD pills are generally capsules filled with concentrated CBD oil.
- Oil- There are cannabinoid oils that are available from various medical suppliers. There are multiple ways that this can be consumed, as some users drop it under their tongue, while others rub it on affected joints.
- Plant- With more than half of the states in the USA approving of medical cannabis usage, patients in those areas can get their hands on plants with high CBD counts. Users then smoke or vaporize the plant. This is probably the least efficient way to get relief but is also one of the cheapest.
- Edibles- Some suppliers of cannabis create edible methods of taking the compound. This is generally done by cooking the substance into a butter or other medium, which is then cooked as a standard ingredient. These can include brownies, candies, rice treats, and more. The effects of this ingestion method are strong but do take about a half hour to an hour to begin to be felt.
- CBD Patches– In addition to standard consumables, patients looking for easy relief can also apply CBD patches, which work in much of the same way as nicotine patches, which are used to cut out smoking. The patches have CBD extract mixed with a carrying agent and are kept fresh in a patch that is almost wet. You apply the patch onto a part of your body such as your arm, and the CBD is absorbed through the skin slowly throughout the day. These are rarer than the other mentions listed above, as they’re being slowly introduced into markets where cannabis use is legal and regulated.
- Lotions- Users looking for a discreet way to consume medical-grade cannabis have found a godsend in hand lotions and creams that have been developed by medical marijuana groups. The lotion is just as it sounds: a cream that you rub onto your skin on affected areas. The secret ingredient here is the cannabinoids, which are integrated into the lotion and serve as more of a passive ingredient. The good thing here is that there is no odor associated with the lotion, save for the scent of the product itself. Relief and effects of the medicine are more delayed in this method, but it directly helps the area affected, which is great.
The good thing about the medical cannabis industry is that it is still very new, and there are new ways that are constantly being discovered to help treat patients. As things continue to progress it will be interesting to see what the industry is able to concoct in terms of consumables in the future.
How Is CBD Oil Made?
- Break up marijuana buds into small pieces
- Put broken up marijuana on baking sheet and heat at 240 degree (F) for 40 minutes
- Boil water in a pot, and add in marijuana buds
- Simmer for 3-5 hours
- Pour of the mixture into a cheesecloth and strain
- Be sure to squeeze out all the CBD goodness and enjoy!
The Process Explained
CBD is just one of the compounds to come out of the marijuana plant, so it needs to be extracted if you want it in an oil or capsule form. Because of this, there are set processes that are followed in order to get the extracted goodness from the plant.
CBD oil is generated by starting out with a plant high in the cannabinoids and cooking it down to get an extract. The cooking down process of CBD extracts starts by first breaking up marijuana buds into small, fine pieces. Then put the broken up buds in a baking sheet and cook for 40 minutes at 240 degrees Fahrenheit. This will begin to activate and release the THC in the plant. Next, boil water in a pot, then add in your broken up, heated up buds to the pot. The next step is to reduce the heat of the stove to a simmer, where you keep the plant cooking for several hours. Over time, a lot of the water is boiled out and users are left with a concentrate full of helpful cannabinoids. This is then filtered multiple times using a strainer as well as a material like cheesecloth, which helps keep tiny bits of plant material from reaching the extract.
This is a lot of work for a little bit of extract, but the results are a concentrate that will go a long way in bringing relief. This extract is then mixed with other chemicals like CO2, olive oil, butane, or ethanol, which serves as a carrying agent for the CBD. The combined product is then put into capsules or bottled, where it is then provided to patients who need it.This is then mixed with other chemicals like CO2, olive oil, butane, or ethanol, which serves as a carrying agent for the CBD. The combined product is then put into capsules or bottled, where it is then provided to patients who need it.
You can make your own CBD extracts on your own, and in fact, there are many people who take and create substances like Canna Butter, which is just butter infused with cannabinoids. That is then prepared with other dishes to create edibles, which are equal parts tasty and healthy.
Where is CBD Oil Legal?
Although the CBD compound is found to be an incredibly effective tool in treating the above-mentioned conditions, it is only legal in just over half of states. This is because of cannabinoids being part of the marijuana plant and is thus not considered legal, except for where states have legalized it.
As of the publication of this article, there are 28 states that have passed measures to allow for marijuana to be used either recreationally or for medical uses. Most of those states have medical laws in effect, allowing for certified users to possess and use the plant or its extracts. 9 of those states allow for medical use, which allows anybody over the age of 21 to use the substance.
Where is CBD Oil Legal In The US?
- Alaska– Alaska allows for up to 1 ounce of marijuana in any form for both medical and recreational use.
- Arizona– A 2010 ballot proposal allows Arizona residents to purchase and possess medical marijuana with up to 2.5 ounces.
- Arkansas– Voters legalized medical marijuana in 2016 with a 53%-47% margin. Users now can possess 3 ounces of the plant or extract if they are certified by the state.
- California– Users in the Golden State can legally carry up to one ounce of medical pot, with sales scheduled to open in January 2018.
- Colorado– Colorado voters approved of State Amendment 64 which legalized the recreational and medical use. Users can carry and consume up to 1 ounce of material at any given time.
- Connecticut– Medical patients are authorized to use the herb, with 2.5 ounces of material able to be possessed at any given time.
- Delaware– The state has authorized medical use for patients with up to 6 ounces legal for possession at once.
- Florida– 71% of voters in 2016 passed a law to allow for medical marijuana. Information on the amount able to be possessed by patients is still pending.
- Hawaii– Hawaii has had medical marijuana laws in place since 2000, but the program was expanded in 2016. Patients can have up to 4 ounces of material or 7 plants.
- Maine– Maine has fully legalized medical and recreational use of cannabis. Users can possess up to 2.5 ounces at once.
- Maryland– Maryland has decriminalized marijuana possession, and the state has medical bills on the books, with a 30 day supply legally allowed for users.
- Massachusetts– The state has legalized full recreational and medical marijuana usage, as voted approved of the measure with a 54-46% margin in 2016. Users in the state can carry up to an ounce at once.
- Michigan– Users in Michigan can use cannabis for medical use after voters passed the initiative in 2008. Patients can carry up to 2.5 ounces of plant material.
- Minnesota– Considered to be fairly liberal, it’s a bit of a surprise to see that the state has only legalized medical use. Shockingly, the cannabis here must be in a non-smoke-able form to be legal.
- Montana– Montana has medical laws in place with up to 1 ounce usable material available.
- Nevada– Voters approved of both medical and recreational pot in 2016, and users can hold up to 2.5 ounces of material at once.
- New Hampshire– Patients can use cannabis as there’s medical laws on the books, with certified users able to possess up to 2 ounces at any given time in a 10 day period.
- New Jersey– The Garden State has had medical pot since 2010, but Governor Chris Christie kept the law very restrictive to patients. That changed in 2016 when he expanded the law, allowing users to hold up to 2 ounces at any given time.
- New Mexico– New Mexico patients have been able to use since 2007, with up to 6 ounces available at once.
- New York– Those in the Empire state can use medical marijuana in non-smokable forms, with 30-day supplies able to be legally possessed.
- North Dakota– Voters in North Dakota legalized medical pot in November 2016, and users can buy 3 ounces of plant or other material every two weeks.
- Ohio– Medical users in the Buckeye State will be getting access to medical marijuana after lawmakers legalized it in 2016. A 90 day supply will be allowed, but what weight that will be is yet to be determined.
- Oregon– Oregon has legalized recreational and medical marijuana. Users in the state can transport up to an ounce and possess 24 ounces at their residences.
- Pennsylvania– Those in the Keystone State can use medical pot, with a 30 day supply of material allowed for those who’re certified.
- Rhode Island– Little Rhodie has medical cannabis for certified users, with patients able to hold up to 2.5 ounces.
- Vermont– Vermont is allowing for fully legalized medical usage, and those with a card can have 2 ounces of plant material.
- Washington– The state of Washington has legalized recreational and medical plant usage, with up to half a pound of usable material allowed in a person’s possession.
- Washington D.C.– The District of Columbia has legalized marijuana, with users able to have 2 ounces of plant on their person.
What About Federal?
On a federal level marijuana remains illegal, although right now the feds aren’t cracking down on states who’ve legalized the plant. While this could change, it would take a lot of resources to clamp down on what voters have largely agreed should be legal.
Where Can You Buy CBD Oil?
- Online- Here
- On Amazon
- Direct From Manufacturers, like these.
- Free Trial Offers, here
- In Local Stores and Dispensaries
Even in states where pot is legal, you can’t just go anywhere to get your CBD extract or plant. There are specialized shops called dispensaries, which are licensed by the state and every aspect of the product is tracked from seed to sale. This is a good thing, as you know you’re getting a legitimate product that really has the CBD content you are seeking for relief.
States with medical laws sometimes have different names for these shops, as dispensaries aren’t considered legal in the verbiage of the medical laws. These shops can go by the name compassion clubs or exchanges, where other licensed users can offer the material to others. Medical card holders can expect to be required to present their card and register an account in order to be granted access.
Another way medical users can get access to CBD products is through a caregiver. Caregivers are people who grow plants or produce products for only a set number of people according to state law, and they have a direct peer-to-peer relationship with users. This way is likely the most private, although you are dependent on the caregiver following all laws and providing you with regular product in order to feel relief.
The Future of CBD Usage
Right now the compound is having its day in the sun, as medical researchers keep finding new uses for it. There are multiple studies underway at any given time, and both lawmakers and the general public are beginning to have a positive outlook on the substance.
Moving forward it is likely that we’ll see cannabinoids legalized and regulated as a painkiller in more states and countries around the world. There may be a time where even your family doctor will write a prescription for you that can fill at your local pharmacy.
Needless to say, the future of CBD usage is bright, and we are looking forward to seeing what new uses for the substance we’ll see moving forward.